In Shrek the Thirdafter headbutting her way through a second stone wall, Fiona's mother starts humming " A Spoonful of Sugar ". In the Disney film The Prince and the PauperGoofy, disguised as an executioner, inadvertently knocks out a weasel guard with his axe while trying to save Donald and the Mickey look-a-like.
Posted on August 31, by energyskeptic Alice Friedemann. Last update Oct 23,first [ Formerly titled: Shorter versions appear in the following books: But the root of the matter is whether growing biomass for fuel can be made sustainable.
Since fossil fuels are finite, it certainly makes sense to turn to biomass to provide fuel to replace oil. After all, besides water, air, and dirt, plants are the most abundant and renewable resource that could possible scale up to replace fossil fuels.
But is there enough biomass?
The Department of Energy lists ways biomass is already being used that will compete with its use as a fuel and for electricity generation Ruth Table 3. Since trucks and rail are the basis of civilization as we know it, all, most of this biomass ought to be converted to 2 diesel to keep trucks and locomotives running.
Currently biodiesel is just 1 percent of total diesel production by volume, with soybeans making up 57 percent of that feedstock. Oil is a biofuel, but nonrenewable since it took Mother Nature millions of years to brew withpounds of plants per gallon, which is equivalent to cramming 40 acres of wheat into your gas tank every 20 miles Dukes.
And therein lies the rub. It takes enormous amounts of biomass to make liquid fuels. To do that would require 15 billion metric tons of plant biomass taking up billion cubic meters bcm.
But only 2 billion metric tons of rice, wheat, soybeans, corn, and other grains and oil seeds with a volume of 2. In the United States all green plants collectively produce biomass equivalent to about 53 exajoules of energy per year from sunlight, only about half of our total fossil energy use.
The best, most productive land east of the Mississippi that can grow soybeans with rainfall. This would generate million tonnes of Dried Distillers Grain DDG byproduct, 10 times more than the entire consumption of high protein commercial feeds — 51 million tonnes in Pro-ethanol scientists add DDG as a positive net energy gain, when in fact it will take a huge amount of energy to dispose of most of this environmental pollution, only a small percent of which can be eaten by lifestock, and only carried so far or the diesel fuel used to transport it is larger than the energy contained in the DDG.
Just one of many silver bullets. But people argue endlessly about EROI because of the boundaries do you include the energy to make the tractor that planted the corn or not? The Dirt on Dirt. Ethanol is an agribusiness get-rich-quick scheme that will bankrupt our topsoil.
Nineteenth century western farmers converted their corn into whiskey to make a profit Rorabaugh The energy to haul moonshine is a tiny fraction of the energy to haul corn to distant cities after all, more of a positive EROI if you will. Archer Daniels Midland ADMa large grain processor, came up with a similar scheme in the 20th century; ethanol.
But ethanol was a product in search of a market, so ADM spent three decades relentlessly lobbying for ethanol to be used in gasoline.
Today ADM makes record profits from ethanol sales and government subsidies Barrionuevo Fuels made from biomass are a lot like the nuclear powered airplanes the Air Force tried to build from tofor billions of dollars.
They never got off the ground. The idea was interesting — atomic jets could fly for months without refueling. But the lead shielding to protect the crew and several months of food and water was too heavy for the plane to take off.
Biomass fuels have equally obvious and predictable reasons for failure. Odum says that time explains why renewable energy provides such low energy yields compared to non-renewable fossil fuels.
The more work left to nature, the higher the energy yield, but the longer the time required. Although coal and oil took millions of years to form into dense, concentrated solar power, all we had to do was extract and transport them Odum With every step required to transform a fuel into energy, there is less and less energy yield.
For example, to make ethanol from corn grain, which is how all ethanol is made now, corn is first grown to develop hybrid seeds, which next season are planted, harvested, delivered, stored, and preprocessed to remove dirt. Dry-mill ethanol is milled, liquefied, heated, saccharified, fermented, evaporated, centrifuged, distilled, scrubbed, dried, stored, and transported to customers McAloon Farming always ruins soils eventually; civilizations fail after about years because of this Productivity drops off sharply when topsoil reaches 6 inches or less.
Historically, it takes most civilizations years to exhaust their soils. Then they collapse Montgomery French fries are probably the most popular fast food product sold in North America, and starting a gourmet french fry stand may be just the new business opportunity that you've been searching for.
Oxygen’s website describes the show as: “Tori & Dean work on opening the hippest B&B in the universe, we watch the couple as they try to adjust to small town life, befriend their neighbors, renovate their new inn, learn to run a business, plan a gala grand opening and become first time parents all the while continuing to pursue acting.
Jun 29, · A French Fry Gets Soggy in 5 Minutes. This Company Wants to Keep It Crispy for Lamb Weston fires potatoes into metal blades at 75 miles per hour to make your fries.
Tori, you see, wants to create a business that’s all about French fries. She wants to make “chic, gourmet fries” and sell them with a selection of unique dipping sauces.
On the episode I watched, Tori and her husband Dean were looking at mock-ups of fry cones – paper holders with fun decorations on them. AMERICA. This page was originally in the funny section. But the more I added to it, the less funny it looked, and the more like a train wreck. Sadly, like the Roman empire, America.
Victorious is a teen musical sitcom created by Dan Schneider, which aired on Nickelodeon from – The star of the show is Tori Vega (Victoria Justice), who gets into Hollywood Arts (a school for the arts in Hollywood) after filling in for her less-talented sister Trina (Daniella Monet) during a big vetconnexx.comg her up throughout the experience is André Harris (Leon Thomas III), a.