History[ edit ] Five seminal steps in ancient Chinese papermaking outlined in a woodcut. Pulp for papermaking was produced by macerating mulberry bark as early as the 2nd century in Han dynasty China, where the invention of paper is traditionally attributed to Cai Lun. In addition to mulberry, pulp was also made from bamboo, hibiscus bark, blue sandalwood, straw, and cotton.
The announcement puts an end to some five years of collaboration between the environmental group, which had advised APP on the implementation of its forest conservation policies, and the company.
The group failed to provide a credible response or to take meaningful action. Sinar Mas Group is the parent company of APP, Indonesia's largest pulp and paper company, which was linked to the record-breaking haze in the region in Following the crisis, APP beefed up its fire suppression strategies, and reaffirmed its commitment to the zero-deforestation pledge it made in But Greenpeace said on Wednesday May 16 that its investigations showed that the firm had reneged on this promise.
An analysis of satellite imagery and company deeds showed that almost 8, ha of forest and peatland had been cleared in two concessions owned by pulpwood company Muara Sungai Landak and a Sinar Mas mining company, Golden Energy and Resource, said Greenpeace.
Satellite analysis of the latter suggests that nearly 5, hectares of forest had been cleared sinceGreenpeace said. Their allegations follow an Associated Press report last December that implied that APP had covered up links to suppliers that practise deforestation or illegal slash-and-burn methods in a bid to void its sustainability claims.
The article alleged that APP and Sinar Mas, had control over 27 suppliers that it had earlier claimed were independent, citing over 1, pages of APP corporate records.
APP had likely done so to distance itself from rogue suppliers, allowing it to minimise responsibility, the report added. APP rubbished the Associated Press report when it was published. On Wednesday evening May 16the company maintained its position, saying that the businesses cited by Greenpeace were not under "the direct jurisdiction of APP".
Greenpeace's statement, had relationships with APP. He added that he was unable to speak on behalf of Golden Energy and Resource, as it "operates independently from us and do not supply wood to APP".Confederation of Paper Industries, CPI is the voice of the paper industry in the UK, representing papermakers, tissue manufacturers, corrugated packaging producers, and recovered paper merchants Glossary of Papermaking Terms.
The pulp and paper industry consists of manufacturing enterprises that convert predominantly woody plant material into a wide variety of pulps, papers and paperboards.
The Canadian industry began in the s, and has undergone revolutionary changes over the years. Most recently, the move from.
The jargon in the pulp and paper industry is widespread and not commonly agreed upon. To function properly in the industry key terms must be .
Pricetables and market reports for recovered paper, graphic papers, publication paper, packaging paper, coreboard, cartonboard, sack kraft paper, pulp, label paper.
Your Ultimate Pulp and Paper Dictionary on the Web. RISI | Pulp and Paper Industry IntelligenceGlobal Supply · Contact Sales · Pricing Information · Upcoming Events.