His father Jacob was born in FrankfurtGermany. His father Jacob died inafter which the Phillip family may have fallen on hard times. He was a competent student and something of a perfectionist. His headmaster, Reverend Francis Swinden observed that in personality, Phillip was "unassuming, reasonable, business-like to the smallest degree in everything he undertakes".
It was possibly the influence of his mother that was instrumental in determining his future seafaring career. On 24 June he was enrolled on 'the establishment of poor boys' in the Greenwich school for the sons of seamen.
Thus began a period of apprenticeship in the mercantile service that was completed in after two years at sea under Captain Redhead in the Fortune. During the Seven Years' war he saw active service in the navy, to which he had transferred.
On 7 July he was provisionally appointed lieutenant, the promotion being confirmed a year later following an engagement resulting in the capture of Havana.
With the coming of peace on 25 April he was retired on half-pay. Save for the months between 13 November and 8 Julywhen he served in H. Egmont, his connexions with the British navy in the next fifteen years were largely nominal. Probably much of his time was taken up with the properties known as Vernals Farm and Glasshayes which he acquired at Lyndhurst, Hampshire.
There he had settled with his Governor arthur phillip Margaret, the widow of John Denison, a prosperous London merchant.
The marriage was celebrated on 19 Julybut could scarcely have been happy for by the two were separated.
In Phillip served with distinction in South American waters as a captain in the Portuguese fleet, which he entered with the Admiralty's permission after the outbreak of the Spanish-Portuguese war.
In he returned to the English navy. In November he was made a post captain and was given command of the gun Ariadne; on 27 December he left her to take charge of the gun Europe, taking with him his friend, Lieutenant Philip Gidley King. His sealed orders sent him to India, but he saw no action in either vessel and was again retired on half-pay on 25 Mayafter the signing of the peace treaties which ended the wars connected with the struggle of the British colonies in America for independence.
He then spent a year in southern France and, when appointed the first governor of New South Wales on 12 Octoberwas engaged in survey work for the Admiralty.
By then Phillip was a man of mature years whose attainments, though not particularly outstanding, were solid. From inauspicious beginnings he had risen largely through his own merit, attracting favourable comment from those under whom he had served.
The Portuguese authorities had described him as brave, honest, obedient and self-sacrificing. Experience had broadened without hardening or coarsening his somewhat sensitive nature and in a variety of ways prepared him for his new task.
He was accustomed to command men and had even, while in the Portuguese navy, transported convicts from Lisbon to the Brazils. His naval training proved invaluable on the trip to Botany Bay and stood him in good stead when exploring the hinterland.
Work on his Lyndhurst property had made him familiar with at least the rudiments of farming and added yet another dimension to his qualifications. How far these considerations weighed with the British government is difficult to say, for the circumstances surrounding both their offer and his acceptance of the governorship remain obscure.
The first lord of the Admiralty had nothing to do with it, for Lord Howe, though prepared to accept the decision, stated that he personally did not think Phillip suited to the task. The governor's detractors maliciously claimed that he was chosen to rid the authorities of one pressing for preferment.
It has also been suggested that Lord Sydney, faced with the need hurriedly to find someone for a mediocre post that no one else wanted, offered it to Phillip who was known to be reliable and trustworthy. Perhaps the most likely explanation is that the appointment was made on the advice of Sir George Rose, treasurer of the navy, who lived near Lyndhurst, knew Phillip and was impressed by him.
Whatever the reason Phillip was presumably attracted by the prospect of returning to active service in a capacity that could satisfy his desire for adventure and his wish to command.Arthur Phillip (), admiral and governor, was born on 11 October in the parish of Allhallows, ward of Bread Street, London, the second child of Jacob Phillip, a language teacher who came to London from Frankfurt, and Elizabeth, née Breach, former wife of Captain Herbert, R.N., a relative of Lord Pembroke.
Tennessee governor's race: See who's backing the candidates. Here is a list of endorsements in the Tennessee gubernatorial race. Admiral Arthur Phillip RN Commemoration. Arthur Phillip was the Governor-Designate of the First Fleet, which originally founded the colony of New South Wales, and was the beginning of what would eventually become the nation of Australia.
The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South vetconnexx.com an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governors of the Australian states perform constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level.
The governor is appointed by the queen on the advice of the. While most Australians recognise Arthur Phillip's name, few seem to know much about him.
The ABC's Scott Bevan delves into the story behind the man who became the first governor of New South Wales. Long before he set sail from Portsmouth in May , in command of 11 ships filled with about 1, souls bound for Botany Bay and posterity, Arthur Phillip had led an adventurous life.
The Governor Phillip Scholarship was established to commemorate the bicentenary of the death of Admiral Arthur Phillip RN (), the founder of modern Australia.
Its purpose is to promote bilateral exchange of outstanding students from Australia and the United Kingdom to study at postgraduate level at leading universities in both countries.