How is fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosed? The earlier the diagnosis, the better the outcome.
FAS General Discussion Fetal alcohol syndrome FAS is a characteristic pattern of mental and physical birth defects that results due to maternal use of alcohol during pregnancy. The range and severity of associated abnormalities may vary greatly from case to case.
More mildly affected infants and children may be said to manifest fetal alcohol effects FAE. The symptoms and findings associated with FAS may vary from case to case. Many affected newborns may also have increased irritability, an increased sensitivity to sounds hyperacusisabnormal muscle tone, and fine motor dysfunction, including tremulousness, a weak grasp, and poor hand-eye coordination.
Evidence indicates that FAS is a leading cause of mental retardation. The degree of intellectual impairment may vary from mild to severe. Microcephaly is a common feature of FAS that is thought to be due to an overall decrease in brain growth.
In addition, specific brain abnormalities have been reported in association with FAS, including absence of the band of nerve fibers that joins the cerebral hemispheres corpus callosum and underdevelopment of a region of the brain involved in coordinating voluntary movement cerebellar hypoplasia.
In addition, many have certain behavioral abnormalities, including hyperactivity, impaired judgment, easy distractibility, impulsiveness, and impaired social and adaptive behaviors. In some cases, such abnormalities may be present in the apparent absence of physical anomalies.
Reports indicate that associated facial features may sometimes be relatively subtle; in addition, they may tend to become less apparent as a child reaches puberty. In some cases, various heart defects may also be present, particularly an abnormal opening in the partition between the lower or upper chambers of the heart ventricular or atrial septal defects.
Additional physical abnormalities have also been reported in some individuals with the syndrome. Causes Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy can result in multiple effects on the developing embryo and fetus, including fetal alcohol syndrome FAS.
The specific amount of alcohol ingestion that may cause FAS has not been determined. However, evidence suggests that moderate and high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy can disrupt normal fetal growth and development.
Some researchers indicate that heavy drinking throughout pregnancy may lead to more severe, wide ranging abnormalities characteristic of FAS, while occasional binge drinking at high levels may result in certain FAS features, with the specific defects dependent on the time of fetal exposure.
It is not known whether the adverse effects of alcohol during fetal development may be due to the alcohol itself or one of its by-products.
In addition, the potential contributing role of other factors remains unclear, such as genetic influences affecting alcohol metabolism or additional environmental factors e. Some investigators suggest that alcohol use may impair the transfer of certain essential nutrients via the placenta, playing some role in the prenatal growth retardation characteristic of the syndrome.
Because the amount of alcohol necessary to cause FAS is unknown, it is recommended that pregnant women abstain from drinking alcohol. Affected Populations Researchers estimate that fetal alcohol syndrome FAS occurs in approximately one to two in 1, live births in the United States.
According to reports in the medical literature, FAS is considered the primary cause of mental retardation in the Western world. Related Disorders Symptoms of the following disorders may be similar to those of fetal alcohol syndrome FAS.
Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis: The use of particular medications during pregnancy e. In addition, some chromosomal disorders and genetic syndromes may also be characterized by similar symptoms and findings in some cases.
For further information on such disorders, choose the exact disease name in question as your search term in the Rare Disease Database. Early intervention is important in enabling affected children to reach their potential. Prevention of FAS is achieved by abstaining from alcohol use during pregnancy.
Investigational Therapies Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www. All studies receiving U. Government funding, and some supported by private industry, are posted on this government web site.Babies exposed to alcohol in the womb can develop fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs).
These disorders include a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems. The most severe type of FASD is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Deluxe Papers > Blog > Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. July 9, ; Posted by: Kajo; No Comments. Nutrition is a key component of an individual’s healthy well being.
Many factors have a significant effect on nutrition and it is important to continuously maintain a balanced one. Having a good nutrition is one of the main. For example, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is caused when a women drinks alcohol during any part of her pregnancy.
In the United States, 1 out of infants is born with various types of physical, developmental, and functional problems (Nicholson, ).
The term fetal alcohol syndrome was first used in Types. FASDs encompass a range of physical and neurodevelopmental problems that can result from prenatal alcohol exposure.
The most severe condition is called fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which refers to individuals who. The Deletrious Effects Of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. This essay will consider information about fetal alcohol syndrome and it's. deleterious effects on the unborn fetus and the repercussions that follow after.
birth and through life. In my opinion alcohol is responsible for the detrimental.
effects on. Alcohol is the leading known preventable cause of mental and physical birth defects in Canada Fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS is a disorder of permanent birth defects that occurs in the offspring of women who drink alcohol during pregnancy.