An introduction to the literature by william shakespeare

He is a writer of great intellectual rapidity, perceptiveness, and poetic power. Other writers have had these qualities, but with Shakespeare the keenness of mind was applied not to abstruse or remote subjects but to human beings and their complete range of emotions and conflicts. Other writers have applied their keenness of mind in this way, but Shakespeare is astonishingly clever with words and images, so that his mental energy, when applied to intelligible human situations, finds full and memorable expression, convincing and imaginatively stimulating. As if this were not enough, the art form into which his creative energies went was not remote and bookish but involved the vivid stage impersonation of human beings, commanding sympathy and inviting vicarious participation.

An introduction to the literature by william shakespeare

When William Shakespeare began writing his plays, the English language was rapidly absorbing words from other languages due to wars, exploration, diplomacy and colonization. By the age of Elizabeth, English had become widely used with the expansion of philosophy, theology and physical sciences, but many writers lacked the vocabulary to express such ideas.

To accommodate this, writers such as Edmund SpenserSir Philip SidneyChristopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare expressed new ideas and distinctions by inventing, borrowing or adopting a word or a phrase from another language, known as neologizing [13].

Scholars estimate that, between the years andnouns, verbs and modifiers of Latin, Greek and modern Romance languages added 30, new words to the English language. Shakespeare created some of the most admired plays in Western literature [14] with MacbethHamlet and King Lear being ranked among the world's greatest plays[15] and transformed English theatre by expanding expectations about what could be accomplished through plot and language.

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Shakespeare's work is also lauded for its insight into emotion. His themes regarding the human condition make him more acclaimed than any of his contemporaries.

Humanism and contact with popular thinking gave vitality to his language. Shakespeare's plays borrowed ideas from popular sources, folk traditionsstreet pamphlets, and sermons. Shakespeare also used groundlings widely in his plays.

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The use of groundlings "saved the drama from academic stiffness and preserved its essential bias towards entertainment in comedy ".

He represented English people more concretely and not as puppets. His skills have found expression in chronicles, or history plays, and tragedies. Shakespeare's earliest years were dominated by history plays and a few comedies that formed a link to the later written tragedies.

Nine out of eighteen plays he produced in the first decade of his career were chronicles or histories.

An introduction to the literature by william shakespeare

His histories were based on the prevailing Tudor political thought. They portrayed the follies and achievements of kings, their misgovernment, church and problems arising out of these.

Falstaff, although a minor character, has a powerful reality of its own. This shows that Shakespeare had developed a capacity to see the plays as whole, something more than characters and expressions added together. In Falstaff trilogy, through the character of Falstaff, he wants to show that in society "where touchstone of conduct is success, and in which humanity has to accommodate itself to the claims of expediency, there is no place for Falstaff", a loyal human-being.

This sentiment is so true even after centuries.

An introduction to the literature by william shakespeare

Shakespeare united the three main streams of literature: To the versification of the English language, he imparted his eloquence and variety giving highest expressions with elasticity of language. The second, the sonnets and poetry, was bound in structure.

He imparted economy and intensity to the language. In the third and the most important area, the drama, he saved the language from vagueness and vastness and infused actuality and vividness.

At a Glance

Shakespeare's work in prose, poetry, and drama marked the beginning of modernization of English language by introduction of words and expressions, style and form to the language. Influence on European and American literature[ edit ] The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Shakespeare is cited as an influence on a large number of writers in the following centuries, including major novelists such as Herman Melville[8] Charles Dickens[9] Thomas Hardy [22] and William Faulkner.

Prior to and during Shakespeare's time, the grammar and rules of English were not standardized. He also inspired modern terms commonly used in the twenty-first century, such as the word "swag", which derives from "swagger", first seen in the text of his plays "Henry V" and "A Midsummer Night's Dream".

Among Shakespeare's greatest contributions to the English language must be the introduction of new vocabulary and phrases which have enriched the language making it more colourful and expressive. Some estimates at the number of words coined by Shakespeare number in the several thousands.

Warren King clarifies by saying that, "In all of his work — the plays, the sonnets and the narrative poems — Shakespeare uses 17, words: Of those, 1, were first used by Shakespeare. These include, but are not limited to; "seen better days, strange bedfellows, a sorry sight," [34] and "full circle".

Shakespeare helped to further develop style and structure to an otherwise loose, spontaneous language. Written Elizabethan English stylistically closely followed the spoken language.

The naturalness gave force and freedom since there was no formalized prescriptive grammar binding the expression.Shakespeare's influence extends from theatre and literature to present-day movies, Western philosophy, and the English language itself.

William Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the history of the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He transformed European theatre by expanding expectations about what could be accomplished through innovation in.

William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer of the English language, and as the world's preeminent dramatist. He wrote approximately 38 plays and sonnets, as well as a variety of other poems. This video provides a crash course introduction to William Shakespeare's life, plays, and poetry.

From 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' to 'The Tempest', we'll give you a timeline of his works and quick descriptions of what you need to know to identify them. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades text complexity band independently and proficiently.

Teacher-led Intro of Elizabethan England. Julius Caesar is one of Shakespeare's most majestic works. Set in the tumultuous days of ancient Rome, this play is renowned for its memorable characters and political intrigue, and it has been captivating audiences and readers since it was first presented more than years ago.

Famous Quotes and Quotations from the plays of William Shakespeare Shakespearean quotations such as "To be, or not to be" and "O Romeo, Romeo!

wherefore art thou Romeo?".

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