Williams attended the University of Missouri from to After seeing a production of Ghosts, a play by Heinrik Ibsen, he decided to become a playwright. But his education was interrupted by his father's insistence that he work for a shoe company. Williams managed to resume his education at Washington University, St.
Anthony Ross as Jim O'Connor Laurette Taylor's performance as Amanda set a standard against which subsequent actresses taking the role were to be judged, typically to their disadvantage. In the documentary Broadway: Williams whose real name was Thomas closely resembles Tom; his mother, Amanda.
His sickly and mentally unstable older sister Rose provides the basis for the fragile Laura whose nickname in the play is "Blue Roses", a result of a bout of pleurosis as a high school studentthough it has also been suggested that Laura may incorporate aspects of Williams himself, referencing his introverted nature and obsessive focus on just one aspect of life writing for Williams and glass animals in Laura's case.
Rose was left incapacitated and institutionalized for the rest of her life. With the success of The Glass Menagerie, Williams was to give half of the royalties from the play to his mother. He later designated half of the royalties from his play Summer and Smoke to provide for Rose's care, arranging for her move from the state hospital to a private sanitarium.
Eventually he was to leave the bulk of his estate to ensure Rose's continuing care. Development[ edit ] The play was reworked from one of Williams' short stories "Portrait of a Girl in Glass" ; published Certain elements have clearly been omitted from the play, including the reasons for Laura's fascination with Jim's freckles linked to a book that she loved and often reread, Freckles by Gene Stratton-Porter.
Generally the story contains the same plot as the play, with certain sections given more emphasis, and character details edited for example, in the story, Jim nicknames Tom "Slim", instead of "Shakespeare" . Another basis for the play is a screenplay Williams wrote under the title of The Gentleman Caller.
Williams had been briefly contracted as a writer to MGMand he apparently envisioned Ethel Barrymore and Judy Garland for the roles that eventually became Amanda and Laura, although when the play was eventually filmed inGertrude Lawrence was cast as Amanda and Jane Wyman as Laura.
Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote, "As much as we hate to say so, Miss Lawrence's performance does not compare with the tender and radiant creation of the late Laurette Taylor on the stage.
However, The New York Times reviewer noted "starts out stiffly and gets better as it goes along, with the dinner-party sequence its biggest success; in this highly charged situation, Miss Woodward's Amanda indeed seems to flower.
But quiet reverence is its prevailing tone, and in the end that seems thoroughly at odds with anything Williams ever intended. There is an Indian adaptation of the play, filmed in the Malayalam language.
The movie titled Akale meaning At a Distancereleased inis directed by Shyamaprasad. The Iranian film Here Without Me is also an adaptation of the play, in a contemporary Iranian setting. The version is not known to survive but recordings of the other two are in circulation.
The recording is now available in the form of audio app.
Television productions[ edit ] The first television version, recorded on videotape and starring Shirley Boothwas broadcast on December 8,as part of CBS Playhouse.
The videotape, long thought to be lost, was reconstructed from unedited takes found in the archives of the University of Southern California and an audio recording of the original telecast. It was directed by Anthony Harvey. Tom's initial soliloquy is cut from this version; it opens with him walking alone in an alley, sitting on a rampart to read the newspaper and having his sister's and mother's voices conjure up the first domestic scene.
All four actors were nominated for Emmy Awardswith Moriarty and Miles winning. Later stage productions[ edit ] The Glass Menagerie has had a number of Broadway revivals.The Glass Menagerie is a play by Tennessee Williams that was first performed in Summary.
Plot Overview; Summary & Analysis; Here's where you'll find analysis about the book as a whole, from the major themes and ideas to analysis of style, tone, point of view, and more. Get ready to write your paper on The Glass Menagerie . Tennessee Williams’ Glass Menagerie: Summary The Glass Menagerie is a play that is very important to modern literature.
Tennessee Williams describes four separate characters, their dreams, and the harsh realities they faced in the modern world.
Tennessee Williams wrote an essay called "The Catastrophe of Success" after The Glass Menagerie made him famous, basically saying he hated himself for becoming one of the pampered elite and offerin.
Literary Analysis of The Glass Menagerie by Tenessee Williams Words | 6 Pages. The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams had ordinary people in an ordinary life that closely resembled the influences of Williams’ personal life while having reoccurring themes and motifs throughout the story.
Biography. Tennessee Williams is one of America's best known playwrights. He was born Thomas Lanier Williams on March 26, , in Columbus, Mississippi, the second of three children born to Cornelius Coffin (a traveling salesman) and Edwina (Dakin) Williams.
A summary of Symbols in Tennessee Williams's The Glass Menagerie. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Glass Menagerie and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.